Sunday, October 5, 2014
I can’t believe it’s that time of year already. Seems like yesterday we were chasing swarms and working to keep up with the spring explosion. This year, it looks as though we’re going into winter with 5 hives. I do no go into winter optimistically. The bees are resilient, but anything can happen between now and spring. I keep moving forward, try to do the right things and hope for the best. I went into last winter with 3 hives and came out with 2. Ventilation was the big issue. Bees can handle cold, but they can’t handle wet. The lost hive contained lots of moisture. So above keeping them warm, I want to be sure the hives have good ventilation.
I took advantage of yesterday’s 70 degree weather to do some winter inspecting and prep.
1) Check for strong hives.
I did not check for the queen this time, since I did find brood two weeks ago and the numbers look good in each of the boxes. I’m not messing with them, since that does more damage than good. Brood is at bottom, stores are at top. My overwintered hives have lots and lots of stores, even Green Hive despite the robbing episode.
2) Checking for stores
Mint and Purple Hives, my two new hives, are lower on stores but feeding like crazy. I’m continuing to feed them like crazy so they can stash it away, and I’ll give them both several frames of honey left over from last years hives.
3) Feeding 2:1 Syrup with Honey B Healthy
That’s 2 parts sugar to 1 part water – all hives are feeding right now in hopes that they’ll pack it away and have plenty to eat for winter. I always use Honey B Healthy (HBH). In fact, I make my own HBH which contains organic wintergreen, lemongrass and spearmint essential oils to help keep their guts clean and to help ward off varroa. I’ll post the recipe soon! Just as effective, and much cheaper than buying it. If you do purchase HBH, use 1-2 tsp per gallon of syrup.
Mason Jar Feeders – I switched all of my hives to the mason jar feeders for several reasons:
1. They’re inexpensive and and easy to make. Especially nice when you have a bunch of hives. I simply drill 10-15 holes in the top center of the lid using 1/64 size drill bit.
2. They’re easy to collect and fill as needed.
3. I put 2 jars in, so when one empties, I can remove and they still have syrup left in the second jar until I fill the first jar up again.
4. Easy to see what they’ve consumed through the clear glass.
5. They fit securely within a medium box.
6. They dispense the right amount of syrup, so there’s less chance of it sitting and crystalizing. And if it does crystalize, you can see it through the jar.
I place the feeders on a set of wooden or plastic chopsticks so the bees can fit beneath the jars. After awhile, they become a permanent part of the inner cover as the bees glue them in place.
4) Feeding Grease Patties
An easy supplement to help ward off tracheal mites. Click here for my Grease Patty Recipe.
6. Installed Mouse Guards
We had our first front/freeze warning, so I installed my mouse guards so the little critters can’t make their home in my hives. I used the Brushy Mountain mouse guards last year, which worked fine. But I find myself going with the easy, less expensive options as my apiary has expanded. 1/2 inch hardware mesh works great. I set the entrance size to larger to prevent bottlenecking, and to allow for a bit more ventilation.
That’s it for now. Our first round of winter prep. I have a few more tricks up my sleeve to help them out this winter, but the bulk of the work will be up to the bees!